|The Times, Thursday, 08 December 1927
LIEUT.-GENERAL SIR ARTHUR HOLLAND, M.P.
SERVICES IN THE WAR
We regret to announce that Lieutenant-General Sir Arthur Holland, M.P. for Northampton, died last evening at his residence in London at the age of 65. He had been suffering for sometime past from an affection of the lungs.
Arthur Edward Aveling Holland was born on April 13, 1862, the youngest son of Major-General Butcher, R.M.L.I., and grandson of Vice-Admiral Samuel Butcher, of Danesfort Co. Kerry, who served under Lord Howe at the glorious First of June, 1794. He was thus a cousin of the late Professor S.H. Butcher and Lord Danesfort. It was in 1910 that he changed his name to Holland. Joining the Royal Artillery in 1880, he served in the Burmese expedition, 1885-87 and 1887-89, being promoted captain in 1888. From December 1895, to August 1898, he was D.A.A.G., R.A. India, and during that period obtained his majority. Major Butcher served throughout the South African War, 1899 to 1902, being twice mentioned in dispatches. He greatly distinguished himself at Stormberg in command of a battery, and was awarded the D.S.O. From 1903 to 1905 he was Assistant Military Secretary to the Governor of Malta, General Sir Charles Mansfield Clarke, and was created M.V.O. in 1903. He was promoted to colonel in 1910, and was Assistant Military Secretary to the War office from January, 1910, to September, 1912, when he was appointed Commandant of the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. There he was highly successful, his combination of strict discipline and good-natured interest in the cadets being greatly what they appreciated.
When the Great War broke out his one wish was to go to the front, and on September 30, 1914, he was appointed Brigadier-General, R.A., 8th Division (Sir F. Davies’s) which went out to complete Sir H. Rawlinson’s IV Corps. He had foreseen the possibilities of utilising services of expert survey personnel in the direction of artillery fire, and by taking out Major Winterbottom, R.E., and a few N.C.O.s of the Ordnance Survey attached to his command, he was instrumental in laying the foundation of the organization which developed into the flash-spotting, sound-ranging, and artillery survey service covering the front of the British Armies in France. In March, 1915, came the attack on Neuve Chapelle. The artillery arrangements for the preliminary stages of the battle were under Holland’s directions. It was the first occasion on which trench-bombardment, wire-cutting, and protective barrages had been attempted on any scale by the British. Holland’s project for the artillery action in this battle formed the working basis from which the schemes of later days were developed. In July, 1915, he was appointed Brigadier-General, R.A. VII Army Corps. In the following September he was given command of the 1st Division, and was at Loos, but was not successful in that capacity, and his division failed to capture Hulluch.
In June, 1916, Holland, now a substantive major-general was appointed Major-General, R.A. Third Army (Allenby’s). On February 19, 1917, he was given command of I Corps in Plumer’s Army. A position in which he filled with distinction until the Armistice. The Corps was not called upon to take part in any large offensive operations while Holland was in command. But the importance of the front rendered it necessary to make the utmost efforts to perfect the defences. Under his orders a complete defensive system was established, of which the main features were the provision of “defended localities” in place of trench lines, the intimate cooperation of infantry and artillery, and an efficient system of observation and communication. It was largely due to these measures, but even more to the determination inspired in all ranks by his own resolute fighting spirit, that Holland’s Corps not only held every yard of its ground with conspicuous success, but inflicted severe casualties on the Germans during their great offensive in March and April, 1918. He was a most active commander, very young for his years, and made a principle of never leaving the enemy alone. He was promoted to major-general in January, 1916, and to lieutenant-general In January 1919, and created C.B. in 1915, K.C.B. in 1918, and K.C.M.G. in 1919.
Sir Arthur Holland was Unionist candidate for Northampton in 1924, when he achived a remarkable victory, defeating Miss Bondfield (Labour), whi had herself won the seat in 1923 from Mr. McCurdy, the former Food Controller. In the House Holland was particularly known for his interest in Service matters, and was a regular attendant at the Army Committee, where his opinion carried great weight. He married Mary Kate Duval, only daughter of Mr. Lewis Duval Hall, and had one daughter.
Northampton Mercury 16 December 1927
FUNERAL OR SIR ARTHUR HOLLAND
Impressive Scene at Woolwich --- Two
The funeral of Lieut-General Sir Arthur Edward Aveling Holland, M.P. for Northampton, who died in London on Wednesday week after a long illness, took place on Monday at Shooter’s Hill Cemetery after a memorial service at St. Margaret’s, Westminster, and a funeral service at the Royal Military Academy Chapel, Woolwich.
The coffin was taken to Woolwich in the morning, accompanied by three of Sir Arthur’s servants, Mr. McKinnie (head gardener), Mr, Gibbons (second gardener), and Mr. Byng (groom).
The family mourners were; Lady Holland (widow) and Miss Holland (daughter, Mrs. Eardley-Wilmot (sister), Dr. Trevor Butcher (nephew), Major Geoffrey Hall (brother-in-law), Miss Evelyn Hall (niece). Mrs. Lewis Hall (Lady Holland’s mother) was unavoidably prevented from being present.
Representing the Northampton Conservative and Unionist Association were; Councillor F. C. Parker, J.P. (President), Councillor J. V. Collier (Chairman Executive), Councillor W. Harvey Reeves, O.B.E., J.P., Councillor E. Ingman, Mr. C. S. N. Brown, Mr. L. Benbow, and Mr. S. Jolley, M.C. (secretary). Men’s Association, Mrs. F. C. Parker and Mrs. Alfred Smith, Women’s Association.
Mrs. Hopwood represented the Central Council, London.
AN IMPOSING MILITARY SPECTACLE.
The funeral service at the Royal Military Academy Chapel, Woolwich, was of a deeply impressive character.
Over 500 officers and men of the Royal Artillery (Woolwich Garrison), together with staffs and cadets of the Royal Military Academy took part. With the principal mourners, staff, and many of Sir Arthur’s old friends and fellow officers, the little chapel in the Academy was packed. At the back was a group of men who served under Sir Arthur when he was Commandant of the Academy 1912-14.
Colonel John Campbell, V.C., represented the King, and among others present General Sir George Maitland, Chief of the Imperial General Staff; Commandant E. Harding Newman, commanding the troops of the Woolwich Garrison; Major General J. H. Pree, Colonel H. F. Salt, and Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel A. B. Beauman, Military Academy. Colonel W. W. Jels and Major V. Elliott represented the War Office, and other officers in attendance were Lieut.-Colonel Fitzgerald, R.A.M.C., Lieut-.Colonel Graham (General Brigade R.A.). Brig-General E. Hore-Nairne, General. Sir Nowell Birch (late Master General Ordnance), Brigadier-General Evans and Colonel V. Asser (Commandant 4th Divisional R.A., etc.
The pall-bearers were: Lieut.-General Sir Aylmer Hunter-Weston, K.C.B., D.S.O. Commandant, R.E.), Lieut.-General Sir Herbert Uniacke, K.C.B., K.C.M.G. Commandant, R.A.), Major-General Sir Stanley Von Donop, K.C.B., K.C.M.G. (Colonel Commandant R.A.), Majors-General G. H. A. White, C.B.,
C.D.M.G., Major-Genera] H. D. de Pree, C.B, C.M., D.S.O. (Colonel Commandant, Military Academy, Woolwich), Colonel Commandant Wilkinson (Military College of Science, Woolwich). Colonel Commandant E. Harding Newman, C.M.G., D.S. (O.C. Troops, Woolwich Garrison).
The service was as short and simple as it was impressive. The Academy choir led the singing in the hymns, “Fight the good fight” and “Abide with me.” There was a profound silence when the Rev. H. W. Blackburn, vicar Ashford, Kent, an old friend of Sir Arthur’s, read the lesson. He spoke with some emotion. He was assisted in the service by the Rev. J. Clarke, chaplain of the Woolwich Garrison, and the Rev. D. B. L. Foster, chaplain to the Academy.
At the end the chapel service the coffin, draped in a Union Jack with a few flowers and the late General’s hat and sword on top, was borne slowly out of the chapel to the waiting gun carriage, whilst the organist played the Dead March in “Saul.”
A guard from Die 1st Training Brigade of the Artillery stood in line on either side of the long avenue to the gate, and immediately behind the remains. Lady Holland’s brother, Major Geoffrey Hall, late of the 10th Lancers, carried Sir Arthur's insignia on a black cushion.
A salute of fifteen guns was fired by the 18th Field Brigade as the procession moved off to (Shooter's Hill Cemetery, with the Royal Artillery Band and fifty trumpeters from the Depot Brigade at the head. The procession extended nearly half a mile.
At the cemetery over a thousand soldiers and civilians surrounded the grave. The committal sentences were pronounced by the Rev. H. W. Blackburn.
After coffin had been lowered, three Flanders Poppies were dropped into the grave, the profound silence being broken by the buglers sounding of the “Last Post,” which was followed by the “Reveille.”
The wreaths bore the following inscriptions The family and personal wreaths were: To our darling dad, from his wife and daughter May and little Moll.
With the deepest affection and deepest sorrow, Mrs. Lewis Hall.
Dr. and Mrs. T. A. Butcher.
With deepest sympathy, from Florence and George.,
In loving remembrance of our dear brother Arthur, from his sisters, Bessy Butcher and Arthurina Eardley-Wilmot; at rest.
In affectionate remembrance, from Ernest (Prebendary) Eardley-Wilmot.
In remembrance, from Mrs. J. Herbert Bell.
With most loving regret and sympathy, Mrs. Herbert Butcher and Mrs. Naton Legge.
To the memory of a gallant soldier, from Geoffrey and Muriel Hall.
In memory of dear Uncle Arthur, from Charlie and Evelyn Hall.
Kindly remembrance, from Lord and Lady and the Hon. Betty Askwith.
In appreciative remembrance of a brave and very honourable soldier. Lady Stewart.
With loving sympathy. Miss Christie.
In memory of a gallant soldier and loyal friend, Mrs. Stuart Menzies and her son.
In memory of gallant soldier and kind friend. Mr. and Mrs. Charles W, Sala.
To Lady Holland and Miss Holland, with deepest sympathy, from F. E. Lauer, E. Lift, and J. Crocker. With sincerest sympathy, from Mrs. Felse, Warren Dorothy Felse, and Mrs Rogers.
With deepest sympathy and remembrance, from the Hanslope and Castlethorpe Nursing Association. From the members of the Northampton Conservative and Unionist Men’s Association, our last token of affection to a gallant and patriotic members. (Roses, orchids, arum lilies, violets, carnations, harissi lilies, asparagus fern, and croton leaves).
A last token of affection to our friend and member whom we all loved, from the members of the Northampton Women’s Unionist Association. (Design of Union Jack worked with scarlet and white carnations and artificial blue gnaphaliun with flagstaff and cord attached.)
With deepest sympathy, from the Northampton Branch of the Junior Imperial and Constitutional League.
With deepest sympathy and affectionate remembrance from the President and Members of the Town and County Conservative Club.
In affection remembrance of gallant soldier and a most honoured and revered member and friend, from the President, Committee, and Members of the Conservative Working-men’s Club, Whitworth-road, Northampton.
In loving memory, from the Young Britons’ Association, Northampton.
In affectionate remembrance our beloved member, from St. Michael’s Ward Conservative and Unionist Women’s Association. Northampton.
A token of respect and affection, from the members of the Women’s Branch of the Northampton Conservative and Unionist Association, St. Edmund’s Ward.
With deepest sympathy and regret, “ Not our will, but Thine, O God.” North Ward Women’s Conservative and Unionist Association.
With loving sympathy, from St. James Huxley.
Members of Sir Arthur’s indoor staff, our beloved master.
A tribute of respect, from the outdoor , staff and tenant farmers, Hanslope Lodge.
To General Sir Arthur Holland, a wreath from his own garden.
In most affectionate remembrance, from Florentine and Sibyl Poore.
With Mr. Mrs. Mark Poore's most sincere and true sympathy.
With very sorrowing sympathy, from Mrs. Watts, Hanslope Park.
With deepest sympathy, from Mr. and Mrs Goldie.
In affectionate remembrance, from the Conservative Committee of the House of Commons
[part of a much longer article describing more wreaths]