(F) The so-called Italian Window

In the old small dining room (room 42) - now a music room - is a stained-glass window dating from part of it dating from c.1700. This window shows a straight-sided “bluntly pointed” shield with helmet crest and mantling, and is done in enamel colours which are still amazingly sharp.

The crest of a boar’s head erect argent with three ostrich plumes in the mouth covers the quarterly of nine achievement of either Sir Edward Tyrell (d.1605) or his son.

1. "Argent two chevrons azure within a bordure engrailed gules" (Tyrell). J.H. Round in

"Feudal England” suggests that the chevrons were derived from those of Clare - Sir Walter Tyrell (who is reputed to have accidentally slain King William Rufus with an arrow in the New Forest on 2nd October 1100), having married Adeliz, daughter of Richard de Clare.

2. “Paly of six argent and sable” (Burgate). Six generations later Sir Edward Tirrel

married Maud (or Anne) Burgate. Sir Edward’s son, Sir Hugh, was governor of Carisbroke Castle in 1378 when he defended it against the French.

3. “Argent a cross between cockleshells (escallops) sable” (Coggeshall). Sir John

Tirrell, Sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire in 1423 and treasurer to Henry VI, married Alice, the co-heir of Sir William Coggeshall, Kt., of Little Stamford Hall. Alice died in 1422.

Glossary of Heraldic Terms

4. “Quarterly 1 and 4 argent, 2 and 5 Or fretty gules over all a bend sable thereon three

escallops argent” (Hawkwood). (As this achievement stands it is identical with that of Spencer which is used to bolster the claim of pedigree from Despencer). In this context it is the arms of Sir John Hawkwood brought in by the marriage of Sir William Coggeshall and Antiocha Hawkwood. (see Dictionary of National Biography; Chester of Chichely (Lester Waters); and Round’s Peerage Studies).

5. “Azure a cross moline Or” (Bruyn). Sir Thomas Tirrel of South Ockendon and

Thornton, Knight Banneret, Master of the Horse to Katherine Queen Consort to Henry VIII, was the second grandson of Sir John Tirrell and married Elizabeth, the daughter and co-heir of Sir Humphrey Le Bruin of South Ockendon, Essex. Their son, Sir William, married Elizabeth Bodley, the daughter of Sir Thomas Bodley, founder of the Bodleian library.

6. “Lozengy ermine and gules” (Rokele). The coat of this family is often quartered

with that of Prideaux-Brune. It is also worth noting that the family of Rockley or Roclay of Essex and Suffolk has the same achievement, with the coat of Tyrell in the second quarter and Hawkwood in the third. The fourth quarter is “Ermine an inescutcheon azure”.

7. “Argent a chevron sable between three tar barrels sable their bungs flaming proper”

(Ingleton). The arms of the Ingleton (or Incledon) family, from Bampton in Devon come in through the marriage of Jane Ingleton to Humphrey Tyrell (see above). It is reported that Thornton was one of the 50 manors brought in by the marriage settlement.

8. “Argent crusily fitchee three griffins heads erased azure” (Ingleton). This is the

second Ingleton coat (see above).

9. “Argent a bend between six fleur de lys gu1es” (Fitzelys). Lipscombe in his “History of

Buckinghamshire” (Vol. 4, p.119) states that this is Fitzellis, whereas Burke gives this coat to Fitzelys of Waterpirie, Oxford. In Waterpirie church is a monument with Fitzelys quartered with that of Tyrell. Greening Iambourn in an article in “Bucks Archaeology” states that Robert Fitzelys, who died in 1470, had a daughter and heir, Margery, who married Thomas Billing and was the mother of Sybil, wife of George Ingleton, the son and heir of Robert Ingleton.
Glossary of Heraldic Terms