ACHIEVEMENT (A-chieve'-ment) A complete heraldic composition, showing a shield with its quarterings, impalements, supporters, crest, motto, etc. This term is applied especially to a funeral escutcheon, exhibiting the rank and family of a deceased nobleman or gentleman, which at his death is placed in front of his house or in some other prominent place. [This is commonly called HATCHMENT.]
BLAZONING = Colour
BORDURE (Bor'-dure) The border of an escutcheon, occupying one-fifth of the shield. It is sometimes the mark of a younger branch of a family; and, again, when charged, may refer to maternal descent, especially in ancient heraldry. When used in an impaled coat the bordure is not continued around the inner side.
"In blazoning arms the bordure is placed over all ordinaries except the chief, the quarter and the canton. It has no diminutives, but may at times be surmounted by another of half its width. When a bordure is bezante, billette or has similar markings, the number of bezants or billets, unless otherwise mentioned, is always eight." - (Gloss. of Her.)
CABOSHED (ka-bosht') The head of a beast borne full-faced, and without any neck showing.
CHEVRON (shev'-ron) - One of the honorable ordinaries. It is rafter shaped, and its breadth is one-fifth of the field. Its diminutives are the Chevronel, which is one-fifth of its breadth; and the Couple-close, one-quarter.
DEXTER- The right; situated on the right. The dexter side of the shield is that opposite the left hand of the spectator.
ENGRAILED - Indented in a series of curves. Ragged at the edges; spotted as with hail.
ERMINE (er'-min) One of the furs used in blazoning, representing the skin of the little animal of that name. A field of ermine is white with black spots of a particular shape.
ESCUTCHEON - (es-kuch'-un) The shield, on which all lines are drawn and charges delineated; the background on which coat armor is represented; known in blazon as the field. It originally represented the war shield of a knight, upon which his arms were displayed.
ESTORIL - also Estoile - (es'-twal) [French.] A star with six wavy points. It is different from a mullet , the later having only five points, and these are straight
FER-DE-MOLINES (The same as MILLRIND) A bearing supposed to represent the iron which holds a millstone by being set into its center.
FLEUR DE LYS (flur'-de-lee) Heraldically this is a flower, and stands at the head of the flowers of heraldry. Its origin is unknown, one "authority" claiming that it was brought down from heaven by an angel for the arms of France. It is also said to mean the flower of Louis (Fleur de Louis), and was certainly used by Louis VII. It is undoubtedly the "flower of the lilly."
MPALING = joining two coats of arms palewise (by a vertical line).
LOSENGE - (loz'-enj) 1. A diamond-shaped bearing, usually with its upper and lower angles slightly acute.
PELLETS - (pel'-let) A black roundel. (Also called ogress and gunstone.) [See also ROUNDEL.]
QUARTERLY - Placed in quarters; an escutcheon divided into quarters.
ROUNDEL - A subordinary in the form of a circle. If of a metal it is a simple disk; if of a color, it is convex, half a globe. It takes its name from its color, unless in case of counter-changes, which follow the tinctures of the field, or when the roundel is of fur or of equal tinctures, as "a roundel ermine," "a roundel checky or and azure." Otherwise roundels have distinguishing names, according to their tinctures. They are seldom borne singly, and are as follows:
When or they are Bezants,
When argent they are Plates,
When gules they are Torteaux,
When azure they are Hurts,
When vert they are Pommes,
When purpure they are Golpes,
When sable they are Pellets,
When tenne they are Oranges,
When sanguine they are Guzes.
SEMEE DE CRESCENTS
SINISTER - (sin'-is-ter) The left side of the shield - the side opposite the the right hand of the spectator. Applied to the escutcheon, as the sinister chief point, sinister base point, etc.
Glossary extracted from Pimbley's Dictionary of Heraldry