Wolverton is, above all, a railway town. This may be less true today than it was during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, but there is still a (reduced) Works and station, and the town is still on the west-coast main line to Scotland. It has always been the home of the Royal Train and still is today. The town was built for the railway and its workers, and much of the original infrastructure still exists. While Swindon and Crewe might be better known as railway towns, Wolverton Works was the first and, at one time, more important. The town of Wolverton, part of the new borough of Milton Keynes, is an excellent example of not only the development of an important part of our railway heritage, but also underlines the social and religious life that accompanied such industry. Much of the Victorian town and Works is now a Conservation area in order to preserve the distinctive character of the site as it continues to grow. Over the past 15 years or so, the discipline of Industrial Archaeology has become gradually more popular as the heritage of our industrial past begins to disappear. This booklet is aimed at those readers with a little or no previous knowledge of Industrial Archaeology, with the hope that it will interest them to take it further.