The Fir Tree Inn, Woburn Sands
1950 - Present

We enter into the era of living memory. Sidney Hughes did a little advertising for the pub, with the page illustrated below in the local Rail and Bus Guide for Stony Stratford and Wolverton in 1951, but later that year, he retired. From The Woburn Reporter, 21st Aug 1951:

"Leaving Woburn Sands - Host and hostess of the Fir Tree Hotel, Woburn Sands, since 12th August 1933, Mr. and Mrs. S. Hughes relinquish that position on Friday 24th August. They will then leave Woburn Sands for Delabole, North Cornwall, and will live in retirement. Mr. Hughes's health not having been too good during the past few years. During their 13 years' management the good reputation of the Fir Tree Hotel has been maintained, and Mr. and Mrs Hughes have always been popular and courteous when attending to both visitors and local customers.

Both Mr. and. Mrs. Hughes have been blood donors at the local centre, and Mrs. Hughes was one of the donors on the Woburn Sands panel who received a long-service badge from the Duchess of Marlborough at Rhodes, House, Oxford, on the last day of May 1951.

Mr. Hughes, who had to cease giving blood on doctor's advice, also qualified for a badge, but did not attend the ceremony at Oxford. He served in the Home Guard during the war, being a member of the Aspley Guise platoon.

New manager of the Fir Tree Hotel will be Mr. A. F. Jenkins, who comes from Dunstable."

1951 to 1969 - Albert Frederick Jenkins

Albert was aged 51, and had been working for Vauxhall Motors prior to taking the pub. His application to Charles Wells Brewery says he had helped out at The Nags Head in Dunstable. The brewery’s form also wanted details of the applicants war service record.  The rent the brewery charged was £40 p.a., but there was no gas connected, and cooking and heating was done by an Aga range. Jenkins paid £30 to Hughes for the fixtures and fittings.

Two photos of the Remembrance Sunday parades, in 1955 and 1958. The 1955 shot is the earliest I have seen where the outside of the pub has been painted.
Jenkins also advertised the pub, but when he put a page in a booklet about the North Bucks Beagles, a local hunting group, who had kennels at North Crawley, he used the same photo as Harold Clements had used in the 1930’s!
A better picture appears in "Tankard Trails", a guide to Charles Wells pubs, published in 1959. The text reads: "As we drive through Woburn Sands on our way to Woburn Abbey, the Fir Tree is conspicuous at the foot of the hill that takes us into a belt of pine country - alas, without any grizzley bears, unless indeed the Duke of Bedford keeps a brace in his famous Zoo Park. This is a good half crown's worth from the end of March to October, although the house itself is open on Sunday afternoons all the year round."
Also in 1959, local Auctioneers and Estate Agents Foll and Parker published a map of Woburn Sands and District to attract buyers to the area, which featured this ad by Jenkins.

In 1960, there was a major remodelling, and the flat-roofed toilet block was added onto the front of the pub. Prior to this, the toilets were in the corner of the pub yard.  The building works cost £2720, and the construction took so long that it necessitated the British Legion having to move their monthly meeting to the local bandroom on Aspley Hill.

Albert’s son was operating a business out of the clubroom previously used as for meetings and Catholic services.  This was ‘Glenwood Products’. He printed company names onto advertising wares and also made Perspex door signs.  The brewery agreed to fit a toilet into the corner of this factory in 1968. I have seen in local papers that the pub had a darts team around this time, but I have to say it was usually rooted to the bottom of the league table!

1969 to 1970 - Ernest Dennis Hodson Lant

Albert Jenkins retired in 1969, although his son continued to use the workshop for several more years.  The new tenant for the pub was Ernest Dennis Hodson Lant, who took over in November.  However, Mr Lant’s wife soon became unwell, and they were forced to leave by July 1970.  The pub was then taken by an ex-BOAC air steward and his new wife, who had been the Head Housekeeper at the Heathrow Excelsior Trust House Fortes hotel.  They moved up from Englefield Green, London, to take the Fir Tree Hotel.  This was John Harvey Cox, and Ursula; my parents.

1970 to 1997 - John Harvey Cox

The inventory that they had to take on from the Lants included everything loose in the pub, including all furniture, equipment, signs and glasses, as well as "..one bristle dartboard (wearing)"!

The Brewery's original letter to them reads:

"Further to your recent application to us for the tenancy of Licensed premises in this area we can inform you that we have been asked to find a new tenant for the 'Fir Tree', a fully licensed public occupying a splendid position in the centre of the township of Woburn Sands, on the Beds/Bucks borders, only about 4 miles from Bletchley, 2 miles from Woburn and on the fringe of the new City of Milton Keynes.

The premises are held on usual tenancy from most popular Brewers at a rental of only £220 per annum, with Rating Assessments £190 Gross and £138 Net.

The house has some good accommodation, with Off Sales Dept., Public Bar, Games Room, Lounge Bar, Servery, Cellar, Kitchen, 5 Bedrooms, Bathroom, Yard with outbuildings and Car Park.

The Brewers have recently given instructions for the remodel of the present Kitchen, in order that meals can be prepared. Access will also be made to the present Lounge Bar, so that this could act as a small semi-dining room.  The house is due to be redecorated in the Spring of 1972.

The house has been in the same hands since November, 1969, but the present licensee has reluctantly been compelled to give notice, owing to the ill-health of his wife, and since his occupation the trade has considerably been increased.

The figures of trade for the year ending 31st December, 1969, are as follows: 105½ Barrels of Cask Beers, 37½ Gallons Spirits, 54½ Barrels of Bottled Beers and 27 Gallons Wines.

There is also a useful trade carried on with Sundries and Mineral Waters, and the present licensee is establishing a catering business   Bed and Breakfast trade can also be carried on at this house."

When my parents moved in, there was no door between the kitchen and the lounge bar, which they wanted to convert into a proper restaurant.  From the outside, Aspley Hill view of the building, the current kitchen looks like it may have been a separate building at one point.  The roof is much lower than the rest of the building.  The only way from the existing kitchen into the bars was out through the back door of the kitchen, in though another door into the toilet corridor, then through another door into the bars. The new door was put in, and the kitchen completely refitted by September 1970.

My father sent an article back to BOAC for their staff magazine, about his first experiences of running a pub. There are several references to BOAC terminology in it that I don't understand, but it gives an idea of how little he knew about the running of a pub! Sadly, I didn't find this until long after he had died in 2000.

“Leave, and 'Take’ a Pub??” or “How to Pick Hops from your Hair with a Steel Girder”
“It’s a piece of cake” said the ex-RAF man who interviewed us for the Pub. He was referring to the spilling and tapping of a barrel, and the cleaning of antiquated pipes and pumps, (pumps which originated in Noah’s bilges!) We signed the 30,000 official forms (not an AFD or AED among them) and looked as angelic as possible at the local Magistrates Court, in order to obtain a licence to sell “hooch” and “ciggies” on or off the premises of The Fir Tree Hotel at Woburn Sands.

I received my first fair sized bruise going down the cellar steps.  A shelf, designed by the Marquis de Sade, and built by a perfectionist, was cunningly placed at eye-brow level above the steps, halfway down them. It was very easy to locate. I was on my way down to find out why the “best bitter”, which I had been pulling freely for 2 days, had suddenly come to a full stop. After rubbing my head for 2 or 3 minutes I studied the set-up. Pipes in all directions. Nothing remotely resembling Watney’s top pressure super-duper easy-to-operate-type barrels was to be seen.  I repeated to myself, “It’s a piece of cake”, and there, lo and behold, was a barrel marked “Eagle”. Now all I had to do was pass the contents therein from cellar to buyer (forgive the pun).

It sounds simple doesn’t it? Make a hole in the top of the barrel and draw the contents out through the bottom by means of the Noah's pump up above, and a brass tap, which, incidentally, must be securely embedded in the base of the barrel. I found a tap eventually and tripped over a whacking great rubber mallet lying on the floor, which I assumed could only be used for ‘tap-bashing’, or conversely, the previous tenant owned a Zulu warrior to keep the regulars at bay.

At this point, allow me to digress a little and explain exactly what a “regular” is. He (the regular) is a man who has absolutely no sense of time whatsoever.  His wrist watch is always wrong by at least 30 minutes, sometimes more, but he swears by it all the same. He won't even believe in a “Leon Wan” Seiko special, even if they did time the Olympic Games. “No wonder we didn’t win” he'll say, amidst great hilarity from his mates. But don't let us run him down, for he spends every penny his wife allows him on beer, baccy and “one armed bandits” (I said, rubbing my sore hands with glee).

Let us return to the saga of extracting the delights of Charles Wells' Brewery from a barrel. With rubber mallet in one hand and a spile in the other, I proceeded to whack a hole in the top of the barrel. I imagine you have all seen the Trevi Fountain in Rome (if you got past the Wine Cellar).  Well, believe me, it had nothing on what I had inadvertently performed.  “Best Bitter” hit the ceiling of the cellar with great gusto, and descended (on automatic of course) upon myself. (For those disciples of D. Rumble's Beer brewers at home, FORGET IT).

Seemingly this act should have been performed 4 days previously.  Anyway, to stem the flow of “Publican's Gold Dust”, I whacked the spile into the barrel and thought to myself, “It’s a **!!?? sight easier to open a can of Carlsberg” or words to that effect. I then grabbed the tap which was, like myself, covered in beer and hops, and proceeded to bash it into the barrel. “You must be joking” I muttered to myself, and whacked harder. At this stage I made an impression, and beer spurted straight out of the barrel on to my right leg, ruining my best ‘strides’ and making the floor better than any ice rink.  With one more whack of the mallet, success.  I had attained:- one ruined shirt, one pair of sodden strides, and a cellar full of “Best Bitter”.  Finally I hitched up the appropriate pipes and was all set to go.  As I straightened up and skidded off with all the grace of Sonja Henie slap bang into an iron girder, receiving a near fatal blow upon the scalp which even the hops therein failed to protect.

Fortunately, after much trial and error, I have mastered the art of barrel tapping, and my wife and I have settled down. My draught Guinness, as they say around these here parts is “Moost Boofull”.  It must be, because the wife is expecting sometime in May next year.  What with that and a young Doberman Pup, I guess I'll have my hands full.

We will welcome anyone from BOAC but if you need accommodation, please let us know in advance. Up to my neck in beer and ‘fag-ends’ (it’s gone midnight.)

J. H. Cox (Ex rear Galley-Slave)"

This history now becomes family history as well as local history, as I arrived on time in May 1971.  By the next year, my parents had finished decorating the new restaurant with all the mementoes which my father had brought back from around the world, and friends still with the airline were also dispatched with orders for more.  Not only had he been an air steward, but he was also a ships steward in the Merchant Navy before that.  The room was decorated with authentic African tribal art and weapons, with leopard-skin pattern wallpaper and thatched grass-hut style canopy over the bar.  This was to tie-in with the Safari Park at Woburn.  This was a very big local attraction, and the first such drive-through park in England.  The crowds flocked to the park and the Abbey, and on a busy day in the summer, traffic could be queued up right out of Woburn.

From the Charles Wells trade magazine, PintPot, September 1972:

"A safari to The Fir Tree.
Lions, giraffe and other wild animals roam freely less than two miles from The Fir Tree Hotel, the Charles Wells house at Woburn Sands, Bucks. The lions and the giraffe, of course, inhabit the Duke of Bedford's Wildlife Park at Woburn. John Cox, licensee of The Fir Tree Hotel, thought that if the Duke could recreate a piece of Africa on his land, he could do the same at The Fir Tree. And that is precisely what John and his wife, Ursula, have done. The lounge at The Fir Tree has become "The Safari Lounge". Above the bar is a thatched canopy, giving the appearance of an African native hut, and all round on the walls are spears, shields, and masks and other symbols of African village life. John, a BOAC airline steward for ten years, was able to carry out his scheme for re-decorating his bar with the help of BOAC friends who brought him trophies back from East and West Africa.

(The gun was unloaded, but it was kept over the fireplace in the restaurant, when such things were allowed...)
GLOWING MASKS - The lounge really comes into its own at night, when the curtains are drawn to shut out all traces of the English countryside outside, and the African masks glow from strip-lights cunningly concealed behind them. John's "Safari" scheme was made possible when The Fir Tree became due for redecoration. The Brewery put up wallpaper simulating rush matting, and John and Ursula provided the thatching and all the other decorations, including rush table mats to match the wallpaper. Since the Cox's moved into The Fir Tree two years ago, they have developed the catering side of the trade, and are becoming well known, both with the locals and among visitors to Woburn Abbey, for their lunches and dinners. They provide a menu ranging from hot pies and vegetables to their house specialities, grilled steak, and duck with orange. Deep-fried chicken and scampi will be making an appearance soon. They also have a respectable wine list - a choice of ten wines. These start at under £1 a bottle, and include two champagnes for customers with something to celebrate.
"SUITCASES" John decided on the publican's life because after 15 years of "living out of suit cases" - he spent five years in the Merchant Navy before joining BOAC - he wanted to settle down. Ursula, as Executive Housekeeper for six years at the 450-room Fortes Excelsior Hotel at London Airport, had already accumulated plenty of experience of hotel life. Nowadays, at The Fir Tree, she has only three letting bedrooms to look after!"
Two views of the Safari Grill, and one of the Saloon Bar. The signs read "Curry and Rice 20p" and "Cornish Pasty 9p"

The "three letting bedrooms" were rooms upstairs in the pub, which went down to two after I arrived! In 1973, Fred Jenkins Jr. left the workshop premises that he had set up in the old clubroom, and the building was reunited with the pub. The brewery agreed that it could be converted for accommodation, at the landlords expense, but there were years of negotiations over the increased rent and drawing-up of acceptable plans, so it was not until 1980 that this went ahead.  At sometime, a wooden garage had been erected under the clubroom, but this was demolished as it was deemed a fire risk.

[The 'Woburn Sands Collection' owner touring his estate at an early age. The only picture you will find of me on this whole site. I promise. Ed.]
The Woburn Sands Collection Editor... cute!

In 1974, the pub gained its' Good Food award from Charles Wells, and a favourite on the menu was "Sizzling Steak".  This was a prime fillet or sirloin from local butcher Pete Lowe, served on a red-hot bull-shaped skillet. That kind of meal is quite common now, but 45 years ago, it was a real novelty.

The kitchen work was aided by the purchase of a microwave oven, another novelty for a 1970’s kitchen.  This cost £405 in 1976, equating to about £2000 now.  People would order something and ask for it to be microwaved just so they could try it, and one of the chefs at The Swan would even bring over corn-on-the-cobs for us to cook for him, because it was so much quicker!

Also in 1974, after many years of arguments, the Woburn Sands War Memorial, which had been opened in 1919, and stood in the road between the Fir Tree and The Swan, was crated up and moved down the High Street to the gardens at the entrance to Shelton Court. It had been hit several times by cars and lorries, and as traffic got larger and faster, it had become a dangerous obsticle.

A fresh coat of paint after a mid 1970's redecoration, and the carpark has now been tarmaced

The unique restaurant décor was mentioned in the Charles Wells Centenary book in 1976, and the Brewery finally gave Board approval to the conversion of the clubroom to accommodation. I can recall going into the clubroom as a child; it was thick with dust and contained nothing but bare floor boards and several dead birds.  The small loft over the garage in the corner of the car park also was bare, bar a couple of broken chairs, and there was nothing at all in the attic of the pub itself.  Successive departing landlords had made sure they left nothing of value behind when they moved out!

The Hotel got some publicity with the opening of the five hotel rooms in 1980, and letting of guest rooms in the main building itself now stopped. 


In 1982 we adopted a Great Dane, which had been living in a block flats, the owners not having appreciated that it would grow so big.  Duke, as we christened him, grew and grew until everyone who saw him was commenting on his height.  The local press picked it up, as well as some interest from America I recall, and finally there was a spot on the Russell Harty Show in 1984, along with Frankie Howard and Leo Sayer, where Duke was measured on air by David Taylor, to see if he broke the record for the tallest dog in Britain.  I can now reveal that we were asked beforehand whether we wanted the record or not, as Duke was plainly taller than the existing record-holder, but they explained that it would mean signing a contract with the Guinness Records Book, and being available for promotional work, so we declined and even in the programme you can see him sliding the scale on the measuring stick down, just a bit, before reading the measurement off.

...and my father was 6 foot tall.
The Great Dane which held the record at that time lived not far from us, and the owners brought him in once to meet ours.  As they stood looking at each other over the bar top, they both looked a bit shocked!  Duke stood 42 inches at the shoulder, and in 1988 we raised money for Willen Hospice by having a 'Guess the Weight' contest.  The local fullers earth firm, Steetley Minerals, had scales for weighing pallets etc, and he weighed in at 14st 12lb. I should add that this was a lean dog, not a fat one, and as well as all the scraps generated at the Hotel, he add 5lb of fresh meat a day. Solomon Leadbetter won the sweep.

During this time we also had a piranha fish, called Albert, in a tank in the bar.  One of the customers slipped a goldfish in, expecting it not to last very long, but they lived together very happily for months before the goldfish, who'd been christened Victoria, passed away, and Albert was left pining and went off his food, (frozen prawns) for several days.

 
In 1983, the Hotel was repainted a curious shade of orange, much to our bafflement, but the decorating was down to the Brewery, so we had to live with it until 1990 when it returned to white. 

That year, the entire roof was replaced, and that summer we celebrated 20 years in occupation.

George Deverall was one of our loyal customers. He lived in Downham Road, and came in every night for many years. He rarely spoke, but when he did, you listened. He had fought in the First World War, and had some terrible experiences.

Others in the picture are (l - r), my Aunt Sonia, Andy Gallie, Paul 'Alfie' Taylor, Chris Bamford, Nick Andrew, Vince White and my parents.

In 1989, I had begun to research the history of the Hotel, and that interest gradually grew to cover the whole of Woburn Sands.   An appeal in local papers put me in contact with Mrs. Jenkins, the wife of Albert, who ran the pub from 1951 - 1969, who was still living in Milton Keynes.  I visited her, and showed her the scrap books I had collated, and she was very interested, as was her daughter she lived with, but I have lost the contact details I had for them.

The regulars continued to support Willen Hospice and many charity events were organised for fund raising.  In 1995, Charles Wells commissioned a painting of the Fir Tree as a gift for 25 years service.  Two years later, in October 1997, John and Ursula decided to retire to a nearby property in Aspley Hill, after 27 years of running the Fir Tree.  There was a very good party! My father enjoyed 3 years of retirement before he passed away in May 2000. Mum died in 2011.

1997 to 1999 - Dean & Michael Readyhoff

The new landlords were Dean and Michael Reddyhof, a father and son, who were also tenants at the Wheatsheaf in Bow Brickhill.  Deans' sister Gail was in day-to-day charge of the Fir Tree, but they were unable to get agreement from Charles Wells for the modernisation they wanted for the bars etc, and so they moved on in May 1999.

1999 to Present - Kevin & Dominic Brewer

The Hotel was closed for a major refit, with the interior completely redesigned, the upstairs accommodation altered and the Hotel rooms redecorated, before it was reopened in November, under Kevin and Helen Brewer, who also run The Station Hotel in Woburn Sands.

The Hotel was themed around Golf, as the world famous Woburn Golf Course is just a couple of miles away, and had memorabilia and pictures of the tournaments and stars.  The beer has often been commended by CAMRA and other beer guides.

Charles Wells PintPot magazine, February 2000: "Family brewers Charles Wells have brought in another family of Brewers to run the newly refurbished Fir Tree at Woburn Sands on the Beds/Bucks border. Kevin and Helen Brewer are delighted to be part of the Charles Wells family: "They were so approachable and helpful we couldn't refuse," said the couple who also run the only other hotel in Woburn Sands, the Station Hotel, which they have under an Inntrepreneur lease. With Charles Wells the couple have a traditional tenancy which offers the enterprising the chance to launch a business, at a minimum of capital risk and with the back-up of a family firm which has been brewing and selling beer since 1876. The Fir Tree has been extensively restored and refurbished at a cost of £150,000. The works were completed in time for the Christmas season and have enabled the couple to be busy taking bookings from people and businesses in the new city of Milton Keynes and traditional area of Bedfordshire. Anthony Wallis, Sales Director with Charles Wells, who recently took over responsibility for the Tenanted Trade undertook his first "pulling of the first pint" at the official opening ceremony in November. He congratulated the architects and building contractors and the transformation of the building which dates back to 1889. A Woburn Sands pub originally called the Shoulder of Mutton and then the Greyhound was renamed the Fir Tree in 1786 when the Duke of Bedford planted his estate of Woburn nearby with a new forest of fir trees. In 1840 the pub moved to its current site close by the crossroads in the centre of Woburn Sands.  Then a pub with its own brewhouse, the Fir Tree was by 1875 part of the Newport Pagnell Brewery Company which was bought by Charles Wells in 1920. In 1889 the old building was knocked down and the "new" hotel built which still stands today. The building which today houses bedrooms was at one time a hall where inquests and band practices were held. More recently the pub was run for more than 25 years by John and Ursula Cox who have now retired and live nearby. Ursula joined the opening ceremony at the pub and enjoyed being around the "other side" of the bar after a quarter of a century serving pints. Her son Paul was born in the pub and has written histories about the Fir Tree and Woburn Sands.

Refurbishment  report by  Company Architect  Graham Stewart: Brewery project co-ordinator - Eric Jackson Consultants - Charter Partnership, John Creasey + Paul Ainge. Principal Contractor - Meadsway Construction, Graham Slade."

Kevin's first year in occupation was not without incident - in November 2000, in one week, he suffered a power cut, forcing him to close for a day, then a gas leak, also prompting a closedown, and then an Anglian Water van burst into flames where it was parked outside the Hotel wall in Aspley Hill, causing damage.  All this, and his Station Hotel was flooded the same week by an overflowing stream, and trees brought down by strong winds crushed his caravan! Thankfully, the pub survived all the mayhem.

Running of the pub was later taken over by Kevin's son, Dominic. In 2013, another extensive remodelling occured, and the Golf theme which had been slowly removed over the years was dropped completely. "The Fir Tree Hotel" was officially redesignated as "The Fir Tree Inn", which was last used in 1889 for the older pub on the same site. The external walls were decorated with period signage, and the old meeting room, which had been converted to bedrooms in 1980, was fully externally painted for the first time ever. Inside, the Inn was decorated with antique images of the pub and some adverts from old newspapers, which I was pleased to asked to supply. The grand re-opening was 21st November, with a new sign post and external seating area.


...And so that's the 260+ year story of one pub, in two places, with three names!

If you can add to any of the details here, or have connections to any of the past landlords, I would be very pleased to hear from you.